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Organized within the framework of the research project 'Smart Mixes in relation to Transboundary Environmental Harm'.

Detail Summary
Start date 7 October 2015
End date 8 October 2015


The increasingly complex nature of transboundary environmental problems, such as fish stock depletion, oil pollution and biodiversity loss, and the risks associated with such problems, pose a fundamental challenge to policy makers worldwide, namely that of designing an effective global environmental governance system.

States have traditionally resorted to the conclusion of international agreements as a means of targeting environmental problems, thus giving rise to a rich body of international law. At the same time, domestic environmental law has seen an expanse and diversification in the face of growing concern about environmental degradation. Nonetheless, over the last years doubts have been voiced about the capacity of public regulation -both on the international and domestic level- to effectively counter such problems. In response, we have seen a profound expansion in the development of alternative regulatory instruments that can complement international agreements. In part, these alternatives reflect a turn to the market as a force through which environmental goals can be achieved. More specifically, we have witnessed the emergence of a network of private actors, often acting across borders, which engage in the creation of environmental initiatives, either beyond or in collaboration with the State. International and domestic environmental law nowadays operates in tandem and in certain instances interacts with private or hybrid initiatives existing on all levels of governance. Contemporary environmental governance on the global but also the domestic level conjures images of polycentricity and fragmentation.

Aim of the Workshop

This workshop will take up the task to provide insight into such how alternative modes of regulation (hybrid and private) and different forms of regulatory instruments (command-and-control, market-based, suasive) can complement the traditional approach of regulation through international agreements.

The purpose of the workshop is to further research on instrument design and implementation. In order to do so, the analytical tool of ‘smart mixes’ will be used. The term ‘smart mixes’ here refers to combinations of a variety of regulatory instruments on all levels of governance, which aims at furthering the coherence and effectiveness of international environmental regulation. More specifically, the key here is to identify existing combinations of instruments in practice, which has the potential to alter the behavior of actors, whether States or polluters, with a view to achieving desirable environmental protection.

Participation & Registration

The workshop is closed. However, in addition to invited speakers, and project team members, we have (limited) space for additional participants. If you are interested in participating, please send an email to Martine van Trigt at before 1 October 2015. You will receive a confirmation of participation after this date.

This workshop is organized within the framework of the research project 'Smart Mixes in relation to Transboundary Environmental Harm'.